06/05/2022 / Endocrinology & Diabetes

Foods to Avoid with Hypothyroidism

The thyroid gland is one of the most important hormone factories that regulates the majority of body metabolism. Here is the list of thyroid cure foods and also foods to avoid in case of hypothyroidism.

Foods to Avoid with Hypothyroidism
Keerthana A PKeerthana A P
Keerthana A P
Food Technologist, Engineer & Research Associate
Medically Cited
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Hypothyroidism is a condition where the body doesn’t produce enough hormones. It would not be wrong to say that the thyroid is becoming an epidemic like diabetes among all age groups in the population. The thyroid hormone is the most important hormone which regulates growth, cell repair and metabolism. Though you can’t completely control the thyroid with a diet, you can make an effort to reduce the negative effects with a highly effective diet. In this article, you would know about the hypothyroidism diet that would help you to handle thyroid hormone production.  

How Does the Thyroid Gland Affect Metabolism?

The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland located behind the neck. It may be of less size but the functions of this gland are so large that it affects almost every function of the body. The thyroid hormones are released into the bloodstream after receiving the signal from the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). These stimulating factors are sent from the pituitary gland of the brain whenever the amount of thyroid hormone goes down in the bloodstream. When the thyroid gland doesn’t respond to the TSH factors it is known as hypothyroidism. The primary cause of hypothyroidism is iodine deficiency, genetic disorders, medications or thyroid surgeries. Thyroid hormones are very important for growth and metabolism.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Before going on the hypothyroidism diet, we will look into the symptoms which will help you to recognize your underactive thyroid or overactive thyroid.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
  • Fatigue.

  • Increased sensitivity to low temperatures.

  • Constipation.

  • Dry skin.

  • Weight gain.

  • Puffy face.

  • Hoarseness.

  • Muscle weakness.

  • Mental illnesses like depression.

  • Impaired memory.

  • Enlarged thyroid gland (goitre).

  • Elevated blood cholesterol level.

  • Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness.

  • Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints.

  • Heavier than normal or irregular menstrual periods.

  • Thinning hair.

  • Slowed heart rate.

Food to Avoid with Hypothyroidism

Food to Avoid with Hypothyroidism

Unfortunately, most of your pastime foods should be out of your hypothyroidism diet. You have to be very careful about the calories you take in as it is very difficult to reduce the weight with hypothyroidism. Here are the foods to avoid with hypothyroidism.

Processed Foods

Cakes, cookies, bread, pizza, burgers, hotdogs etc.


Foxtail millet, pearl millet, sorghum, Kodo, barnyard, brown top millets etc.


Taking selenium or iodine supplements without the doctor’s directions can prove counterproductive. So, it is best to consult with a Endocrinologist once.

Hypothyroidism Diet

Hypothyroidism Diet

You have to take special care of your diet if you have hypothyroidism as it directly affects your health. Even though diet wouldn’t cure hypothyroidism, it would definitely help you in managing it. Some of the foods in the below food groups can be taken.

  • Fruits: Banas, berries, oranges, watermelon, tomatoes etc.

  • Vegetables: All vegetables except cruciferous vegetables.

  • Grains: Gluten-free diet by including grains like buckwheat and rice.

  • Seeds: Chia seeds, pumpkin seeds, flax seeds etc.

  • Dairy: Milk, Cheese, Butter, Curd etc.

  • Beverages: Fruit juices and other non-caffeinated beverages.

  • Meat: Lamb, chicken etc.

Take-Home Points

  • Thyroid is a gland located behind the neck which secretes the thyroid hormone on the command from the thyroid stimulating factors (TSH) from the brain.

  • When the thyroid hormones are not produced in response to the TSH, it is called hypothyroidism.

  • Hypothyroidism can occur due to genetic disorders, iodine deficiency or certain medications.

  • Some of the important symptoms of hypothyroidism are fatigue and weight gain.

  • To manage the thyroid conditions better, you should avoid fatty foods, processed items, and cruciferous vegetables from your diet.

  • People with hypothyroidism should eat a diet that has low calories as the heavy calories can lead to weight gain.


FAQ on foods to avoid with hypothyroidism

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