02/03/2021 / Digestive Disease & Gastroenterology

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and its Causes, Symptoms, and treatment

Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a disorder in which the intestines of the patient are primarily affected. The intestines experience inflammation for a long time, and disturbance in the digestive tract can be noticed.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and its Causes, Symptoms, and treatment
Mazia Ahmed Mazia Ahmed

Mazia Ahmed

MSc Nutrition Science, Ph.D. Scholar

About Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease, as the name suggests, is a disease that deals with the human stomach. Abbreviated as (IBD) is one of the disorders of the intestine in which the intestines of the human body are largely affected. The intestines experience inflammation for a long time, and disturbance in the digestive tract can be seen. The system of the digestive tract includes the parts of the human body that help in food consumption, digestion, and excretion, i.e., mouth, food pipe (esophagus), intestines (small and large).

When inflammation causes in any of these parts of the digestive tract, the entire functioning of these produces gets disturbed and leaves some adverse effects on the body. IBD, in most cases, can be extremely painful and even life-threatening.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease is an extremely wider concept, and two common types of IBDs are prevalent across the world. The types of IBDs are Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Disease. In the prior one, the inflammation is caused in the large intestine while the small intestine is adversely affected by Crohn’s Disease.

There is no single aspect that causes the IBD, but a large number of factors are responsible for a person to be a victim of Inflammatory Bowel Disease such as:

  • Genes/ Hereditary

Genetics plays an important role, and a person is prone to develop an IBD if his/her close family member has an IBD problem.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease 1
  • Smoking and Alcohol

Crohn’s Disease, the one which affects the small intestine, is mostly developed by people who are addicted to alcohol and cigarette smoking.

  • Immunity of an individual

The immune system of a person is one of the key determinants of IBD. Inflammation in the digestive tract can be developed if the immune system of a person is comparatively weak.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Symptoms

When we talk about the symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), it must be noted that these symptoms are general and can overlap with the symptoms of other common diseases as well. If a person has developed Inflammatory Bowel Disease, then the person may face the following situations:

  • Ulcers

The person may experience ulcers with blood. In many cases, blood has been found in the stool of a person as well.

  • Diarrhea

It is one of the most common symptoms of IBD. Diarrhea is a common symptom as the affected part of the bowel is unable to absorb the water.

  • Cramps and Pain

It is commonly noticed among the IBD patients that their stomach has been witnessing cramps and bloating as the functioning of the bowel is disturbed.

  • Anemia

Catching anemia is another widely-acclaimed symptom of IBD. The IBD patients may face excessive weight loss and uneven growth in children.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease 2

Effect of IBD on health

If the problem of Inflammatory Bowel Disease is not taken with utmost care and attention, the results can be greatly complicated. The patient can be a victim of malnutrition in the coming stages. Another adverse effect of IBD is the gradual development of Colon Cancer. Intestinal rupture and damage in the intestinal walls are seen as a common aftereffect of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Treatment

When a person faces any of the above-stated symptoms, it is recommended to visit a doctor or go for well-established solutions that have a high rate of success. The doctor would require the sample of blood and stool so that the detection of infection becomes easier. These samples will help to distinguish among the type of IBDs, i.e., Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Disease. Barium Enema is another great way to diagnose Inflammatory Bowel Disease. It is an X-ray of the intestine that shows the actual position of the disease and its degree of impact. Science has been developed to a great extent, and a large number of methods have come up through which we can quickly diagnose the problem of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

The treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease can be done under the guidance of an expert doctor. IBD must be taken seriously as it has a large number of adverse effects and can be minimized/controlled with the help of the following means:

  • Medicine

Anti-Inflammatory medications are easily accessible by a common man. These help in providing quick relief to people suffering from Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Some of the well-known drugs are Mesalamine, Sulfasalazine, Corticosteroids, etc.

  • Transforming Lifestyle

Making positive shifts in your lifestyle is one of the natural means to cure the problem of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Consuming enough liquids, avoiding the evils like a cigarette and excessive alcohol can be of great advantage for IBD patients.

  • Surgery

This method to curb the problem of Inflammatory Bowel Disease is not advisable in the primary stages. It is only relevant when the situation gets worsened. There are both positive as well as negative aspects of surgery, especially in the case of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Thus, it is recommended to curb the disease like Inflammatory Bowel Disease by shifting towards healthy lifestyle and diet rather than opting for medications or surgery.

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