The stomach doctor is called a gastroenterologist. a gastroenterologist is a physician specializing in treating digestive and stomach related diseases. "Gastro" word is derived from the Greek word "Gaster," referring to stomach.
Gastroenterologists primarily diagnose GI disease asking a series of questions to patients about their symptoms and their eating habits, allergies, lifestyle and family history. In cases where there are chronic symptoms, they will advise some blood test, stool test, urine analysis, etc.
For further diagnosis, they perform the below nonsurgical procedure:
Endoscopic Ultrasound- for upper and lower GI tract examination as well as an examination of internal organs.
Colonoscopy to detect ulcers, polyps, or colon cancer.
Liver Biopsies for further assessment.
Sigmoidoscopies to evaluate pain and blood loss in the abdomen.
Capsule Endoscopy for small intestine assessment.
Double-balloon enteroscopy to examine the small intestine.
Patients with Liver Disease, Pancreatic Diseases, Gastrointestinal Oncology, Foregut and Esophageal Disorders.
Treatment of Ulcers, diseases of the stomach, Gastroenteritis and duodenum.
Management of Acute and Chronic Hepatitis, Liver cirrhosis, Fatty Liver (NAFLD), NASH, Alcoholic Liver Disease, GallStones, Hepatitis and Biliary disorders, Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis.
Diagnosis and management of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases including Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Disease, Colonic Polyps, Colonic Cancer, Bleeding per rectum, Piles, Bawaseer and Anal Fisher.
Gastrointestinal(GI) bleeding, GERD, Heartburn, Dysphagia and Bacterial infection.
Obesity, Food allergy/lactose & gluten intolerance and Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
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A gastroenterologist is a specialist with expertise in the disorders and diseases that affect the digestive system, including the gastrointestinal tract and the pancreas, liver, bile ducts, and gallbladder.
Gastroenterologists diagnose and treat mild to severe symptoms of the digestive system, including the stomach, liver, kidneys, and colon. The treatments can vary from introducing probiotics and dietary changes to colonoscopies and minimally invasive surgery.
Gastroenterologists treat various diseases related to the digestive system, including abdominal pain, GERD, Barrett’s esophagus, celiac disease, colitis, Crohn’s disease, colonoscopy, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gallstones, liver disease, pancreatic disease, and ulcerative colitis.
Gastroenterologists perform several diagnostic tests and medical treatments, including minimally invasive surgeries, endoscopies, colonoscopies, and biopsies.
The tests performed by gastroenterologists include colonoscopies, upper GI endoscopies, liver biopsy, sigmoidoscopies, endoscopic ultrasounds, video capsule endoscopies, ERCP, and cholangioscopy.
There are several tests that a gastroenterologist may recommend depending on your digestive concerns. A colonoscopy checks the rectum, colon, and intestinal tract. Upper GI endoscopy checks the esophagus and upper gastro system. Flexible sigmoidoscopy is similar to a colonoscopy but only examines a portion of the colon. Endoscopic or abdominal ultrasound, abdominal angiogram, and CT enterography.
Yes, gastroenterologists perform surgeries when necessary to treat GI disorders, including gallbladder disease, colorectal cancer, tumors or inflammation, etc.
A first gastroenterologist appointment will include a physical exam and a discussion of the symptoms, personal and family health history, and dietary and exercise routines. From there, the gastroenterologist may recommend further testing or discuss treatment options based on the condition.
Unless advised otherwise, such as when undergoing a diagnostic test such as a colonoscopy, you can eat as you would normally before your appointment. If you have an appointment for a colonoscopy procedure, you have to follow a prep diet. On the day before the colonoscopy procedure, don't eat solid foods, instead, consume only clear liquids like clear broth, black coffee or tea, and clear juice.
On the day of the colonoscopy procedure, the same as the previous day, clear liquid foods only. Don't drink or eat anything two hours before the procedure.
Yes, blood tests can indicate levels of biomarkers in the blood. Digestive issues for which blood tests support a diagnosis include Celiac disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, stomach ulcers, stomach cancer, and food allergies.
Some medications can be taken as usual, but some can interfere with colonoscopy. Inform your doctor about the medications and any allergies that you have to any medications.
Your doctor will provide you with complete instructions on how to prepare. Most types of endoscopy require you to avoid solid foods for up to 12 hours before the procedure. Some clear liquids, such as water or juice, might be allowed up to two hours before the procedure. Laxatives or enemas are given to use the night before the procedure to clear your system.
This is common in procedures involving the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and the anus. You may need to stop taking certain medications that might affect bleeding, especially anticoagulants or antiplatelet drugs. Generally, recovery from endoscopy is quick with mild discomfort, so you must arrange for someone else to drive you to the procedure and back home afterward.