Orthopedic doctors are specialized in bone and joint treatment, i.e., backache, foot pain, neck pain, knee pain, or shoulder pain. The orthopedic doctor treating bones also treats pain or problems in patients' tendons and ligaments. These orthopedic doctors basically aim to prevent and treat complications related to the patient's musculoskeletal system—orthopedic Doctors help diagnose these orthopedic conditions and suggest a treatment plan accordingly. Right from exercises to surgery and diet, an Orthopaedics doctor does it all for your bones and joints to get better and stronger.
People often neglect their pain to end up with a severe underlying problem and disability—symptoms and signs as minor as foot pain, knee pain, constant pain, or neck stiffness. Similarly, chronic back pain could be a sign or symptom of a slipped disc. Such pains and orthopedic conditions need to be reported to an Orthopaedics Doctor to get a correct diagnosis for further treatment.
below are some common symptoms and diseases that warrant immediate attention from a bone and joint Doctor, commonly known as an Orthopaedic:
Malignant bone tumors
Pain in joints, muscles, knee, hips, foot or ankle, and upper or lower back.
Fractures of the bone or any Injury
An Orthopaedic Doctor nearby should be reached out to in the case of a broken bone or a suspected fracture for immediate evaluation. Top orthopedic surgeons with Sprint Medical help patients in their complications and provide world-class care suitable for orthopedic conditions.
Joint and bone pain: Orthopaedics doctor treat sprains and joint pain. . Orthopedic doctors treat all kinds of joint pains and aches.
Posture correction: Many patients do not realize that their bad posture can lead to immense pain in their bones. Incorrect posture is often neglected, something that a bone and muscle doctor specializes in fixing. Your posture is the root cause of joint and bone-related disorders and defects. A doctor dealing with bones will advise posture correction to patients after diagnosing the condition.
All types of arthritis: The bone and joint specialist or orthopedic doctor also treats rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis, and osteoarthritis. The patient needs to understand that arthritis is a degenerative and painful disease of the joints. An orthopedic doctor helps patients by offering preventive care, pain management, and regenerative therapy.
Lifestyle Education: Most Patients look for the apt lifestyle recommendation that suits their needs. Chat with the best orthopedics online to know more about proper lifestyle recommendations for improved health and vigor
Exercises: In our present busy lifestyle, we often neglect our health and wellness to understand the importance of maintaining one's fitness. Exercise for chronic illness is extremely crucial. Exercise is the key to improving joint disorders and chronic orthopedic illnesses. Orthopedic doctors ensure that your fitness is maintained and suggest exercises that benefit your bones and muscles, keeping orthopedic conditions and issues at bay.
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Conditions which affect muscles, bones, joints, tendons and ligaments i.e., the musculoskeletal system are dealt with by an orthopaedic Surgeon. The most common conditions of orthopaedic include osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, fractures, rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis of bones( like Pott’s spine), back pain, sprains, strains, tendinitis, bursitis, dislocation of joints, scoliosis etc.
There are a lot of complications associated with orthopaedic injuries and their treatment, therefore it is better to prevent them beforehand rather than getting treated. Exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, maintaining good posture, staying hydrated and getting proper rest can help in preventing orthopaedic injuries.
Symptoms can vary depending on the type, impact and region of injury. The most common signs of an orthopaedic injury or condition include pain, redness, swelling, and deformity. Other symptoms can include numbness or tingling sensation, restricted motion of the affected region, instability, stiffness and difficulty in performing daily activities etc.
The type of diagnostic test which is to be done is dependent on the type of injury or severity of injury suspected. The most common diagnostic tests are X-ray, MRI, Ultrasound(USG) and CT scan. Other tests include a bone scan, DEXA scan(dual x-ray absorptiometry), arthroscopic examination and serum levels of different enzymes etc.
Treatment of an orthopaedic condition includes medications, casts, braces, physical therapy, surgery, Injections(corticosteroids) and lifestyle medications.
Recovery time for orthopaedic surgery can last from several weeks to several months and sometimes to years, it all depends on the type of procedure performed. Arthroscopic procedures take much less time than joint replacement therapy.
Benefits of orthopaedic surgery include restoration of mobility and function of the affected area, alleviation of pain, correction of deformity, and prevention of further damage etc. Every surgery is associated with certain risk factors which in the case of an orthopaedic surgery could be infection after surgery, blood loss, malunion, nerve or blood vessel damage and complications of anaesthesia.
Pain associated with an orthopaedic injury can be managed by OTCs (Like acetaminophen or paracetamol) or other NSAIDs, ice or heat therapy, physiotherapy etc.
There is no difference between fracture and break, these two can be used interchangeably. The severity of a fracture can range from a hairline crack to a complete break in a bone.
In general a simple fracture in adults can take 6-8 weeks to heal but the healing period depends on the age of the person, the severity of the fracture( simple fracture usually heals faster than compound or complex fracture) and the overall health of a patient.
You should always consult your healthcare provider before participating in sports with an orthopaedic condition. It is because the severity of that condition will determine the outcomes. For example, in case of a fracture of the forearm, playing sports is not advised.
Exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, quitting smoking and alcohol, taking enough sleep, and supplements(vitamin D and Calcium), only if advised by a healthcare provider.
There are a variety of available braces. For example, Knee braces, Ankle braces, Wrist braces, Back braces, Shoulder braces etc.
No, surgery is not always required in orthopaedic conditions. Surgery is usually done when conservative treatments don’t work or when there are chances of further complications without surgery.