04-04-2021 / Health and Fitness

Dengue - Things you Should Know | Platelet Level Counts

Dengue is a kind of acute viral disease that is spread by mosquito bites. It is, however, seasonal to a huge extent, but its consequences can vary from normal to severe. Here are few things that are essential to know about Dengue

Dengue - Things you Should Know | Platelet Level Counts
Mazia Ahmed Mazia Ahmed

Mazia Ahmed

MSc Nutrition Science, Ph.D. Scholar

Introduction

  • Today, we humans are surrounded by various health threats like viruses, flu, risk of chronic diseases, etc., and are finding ways to stay protected from such evils that can have a worsening effect on our health. Nature has produced such lethal diseases that can risk a person's life and can get out of control in no time. One such famous disease is the Dengue Virus carried by a mosquito and has various chronic effects. This article will discuss every aspect related to dengue and the scope of its spread, causes, symptoms, & cure. Dengue is a kind of acute viral disease that is spread by mosquito bites. It is, however, seasonal to a very large extent, but its consequences can vary from normal to severe. India faces a large number of deaths every year due to the outbreak of dengue. Dengue Virus, often abbreviated as DENV, is responsible for causing this disease which has four serotypes. It simply means that a random person can be affected by Dengue four times. The female mosquito of Aedes aegypti gene transmits the virus, and dimensions like rain, climate, insufficient level of cleanliness, etc., affect dengue frequency. The prevalence of the disease can largely be seen in Asia and the countries of Southern America. As discussed above, dengue complications can range from mild to severe, which makes it a potentially destructive disease. The climate plays an important role in the emergence of dengue as it is more likely to show up in places with the tropical climate. There are 100 to 400 million dengue cases worldwide, which has spiked in recent decades.

Dengue in India

  • The cause of dengue is only the mosquito of a special gene that is mentioned above. The history of the disease can be traced back centuries back but was frequently seen in the recent decades, especially in India. When the infected mosquito bites a person, the virus gets transmitted to him/her. The case can also be vice-versa, i.e., if a mosquito bites an infected person, then the mosquito itself becomes a carrier of the virus. The effects of the disease are excruciating and sometimes become life-threatening within a short period.

  • Let us now emphasize how a person feels when he/she gets affected by the virus of dengue or how a person begins to feel in the initial hours.

Symptoms of Dengue

Following are some of the well-known symptoms of the Dengue Virus that show up in a person:

1. Spike in temperature

The most common symptom of dengue is high fever. The temperature in dengue patients generally rises to more than a level of 102-degree Fahrenheit. The fever can get out of control in the patients, and a medical expert should be consulted.

Fever

2. Headache

People who have been a victim of Dengue experience severe headache which sometimes becomes extremely unbearable.

3. Body Pain

Muscle and joints pain is a general thing among dengue patients. A large number of people experience fatigue and loss of energy.  Unnecessary pain shouldn't be neglected at any cost, and medical consultation is advised.

4. Bleeding

A mild level of bleeding is also seen in several dengue patients. The patients experience bleeding from their gums and nose. Also, the body gets very sensitive and becomes prone to get bruised easily.

5. Body Rashes

  • Rashes in random parts of the body are common among dengue patients and can only be healed when the virus of the disease would fade away.

  • Many of these symptoms are the same as other diseases. Therefore, humans tend to neglect these symptoms until the level of their intensity increases. It is high time to take such diseases seriously and work things so that the number of deaths could be minimized to a large extent. We must take the required step to eliminate dengue in the longer run.

Treatment

  • As per the World Health Organization, Dengue has no specific treatment, but the only thing that could help is the early detection of the disease so that necessary steps could be taken to improvise a patient's situation. If you're facing the symptoms of dengue and you have been positively diagnosed for the disease, then you need responsive medical support that comprises blood pressure monitoring as well as platelets on standby. However, there are few things that we, as responsible citizens, can do to prevent this evil disease. We must widen the use of effective mosquito repellents along with the use of air conditioners, if possible. During the dengue season, try to wear clothes that completely cover the body.

  • Therefore, identifying the symptoms is an essential task in the first place to curb the disease in a limited time frame as early diagnosis is the only key to fight dengue.

What Are Platelets?

  • As per the general definition, Platelets are tiny blood cells that prevent the human body from making clots. When a human blood vessel gets damaged, the platelets come into their role of fixing it. Adhesion is a process of fixation of platelets wherever required so that the blood vessel could stop bleeding.

  • The bone marrow of the body facilitates platelets' production with the help of WBC (White Blood Cells) and RBC (Red Blood Cells). The platelets circulate in the human blood for about a week or ten days, after which the production of new ones takes place.

PLATELET COUNT
  • If we talk about an ideal quantity of platelets in human blood, it can range from 1,50,000 to 4,50,000. Anywhere between these two figures is regarded as a normal condition among humans. Complete Blood Count or CBC determines the level of platelets in a body. If a person experiences higher platelets count, i.e., more than 4,50,000, then the situation is referred to as Thrombocytosis, while fewer than 1,50,000 platelets are called Thrombocytopenia.

  • Both fewer or excessive numbers of platelets have their consequences. If a person has a fewer number of platelets, then it means that there has been something that is obstructing the platelet's production. Mild bleeding and bruising are experienced in such situations.

  • When a person has a surplus number of platelets, then the formation of blood clots in body parts will become frequent. In the long run, many people have also experienced heart attacks of different intensity during such situations.

  • Thus, having an accurate level of platelets should always be prioritized. An abnormal number of platelets (i.e., fewer or surplus) should be avoided as both situations can negatively affect your body/health. It is advised to keep a timely check on your platelet count and counter the possible problems that could arise from these conditions.

  • When a person is affected by dengue, then the count of platelets in the body reduces as the virus enters into the blood of a human being. It muddles the platelets present in the bloodline, which helps the virus to spread more. The infected platelets affect even the normal platelets of the body, which worsens the patient's condition. That is why people with dengue have to get the platelets transfused to their bloodline, which also helps control internal bleeding. Therefore, maintaining an ideal platelet count is a basic necessity to fight deadly diseases like dengue.

Word Of Wisdom

Unfortunately, there is not any vaccine for dengue yet. Therefore, the best method to be safe from this disease is by avoiding mosquito bites and reducing its population. If you are trapped in a high-risk area, you should use mosquito repellent creams outdoors and indoors. It would help if you also try to wear full clothes that cover you from head to toe. Opening of windows must be avoided, and mosquito nets should be used while sleeping.

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