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The thyroid gland warped around our windpipe at the front of our neck that sticks around the windpipe. The thyroid gland shape is like a butterfly. We have many glands in our body, where these glands produce and release different kinds of hormones that help our body to do or feel many things. Your thyroid gland makes hormones that quite help to control different vital functions in your body.
When your thyroid gland doesn't function properly, it may impact your whole body. If the thyroid gland makes an excessive amount of thyroid hormone, then you can develop hyperthyroidism. If the thyroid gland makes a small amount of thyroid hormone, then it's called hypothyroidism. Both of the conditions are dangerous and need to be treated by an Endocrinologist or a Thyroid Specialist. Our experienced and qualified Thyroid Specialist Doctor can help you with issues related to the disease with online doctor consultation and locally you can now consult Thyroid Doctor in Allahabad near you with Sprint Medical in E-clinic.
Thyroid Glands release and control thyroid hormones, which control metabolism. This is the process of converting food into energy. For normal body function and other organs to function in the body, Energy is required to take the food that converts into energy in metabolism. Metabolism is when it takes food and converts it into energy that we use to perform day-to-day tasks.
It has 2 specific hormones— T3 (triiodothyronine, three iodine atoms) and T4 (thyroxine, containing four iodine atoms). The thyroid produces hormones to analyze the body's cells and the energy they will use. If the thyroid gland is working effectively and properly, it produces the right amount of hormone to support the body's energy requirement.
This is all managed by the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is located below your brain, which monitors thyroid hormones' controls in the body. imbalance of thyroid hormone, then the pituitary gland secretes its own hormone called (THS ) a thyroid-stimulating hormone. This hormone is sent to Thyroid Gland and helps it to balance the thyroid hormone.
The imbalance of production of thyroid hormone by thyroid glands leads to Thyroid Disease. When the thyroid gland makes too much hormone, Our body consumes energy quickly. This imbalance is called hyperthyroidism. Using energy quite fast will make you tired, Your heartbeat becomes faster, and it uses all the energy. On the other side, if the thyroid gland makes fewer hormones, then the imbalance is called hypothyroidism. Having less thyroid hormone can make us feel tired, we might gain weight, we may even be unable to cope with cold temperatures. These are the main disorders that can be caused by a variety of conditions. There is the possibility of these be passed down in families.
The two types of thyroid disease are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Swelling of the Thyroid Gland, It can cause you pain.
In this condition, the body cell is attacking Thyroid Hormone, and there is not enough thyroid hormone in the body. It's a painless disorder.
This occurs in 5% to 9% of mothers after childbirth. It goes away in a few months, and it's a very temporary condition.
Deficiency of Iodine can cause an imbalance of Thyroid Hormone. Iodine is required for the Thyroid gland to work potentially.
A birth disorder:
When the thyroid gland is not functional since childbirth. It a scarce condition and happens to 1 child out of 4000.
This is when the thyroid gland is producing an excess of thyroid hormone.
Overactive nodules within the thyroid can cause toxic MultiNodular Goiter.
When thyroid hormones are produced and stored in the same gland. This can be a painful problem and can go in 8-9 months.
Overeating of iodine can cause Hyperthyroidism When you have too much iodine. Excessive iodine in medicine can be found in some medicine, so please check the labels when you suffer from any thyroid problem.
Thyroid gland malfunction can affect the entire body. If an excessive amount of thyroid hormone is produced, it may lead to a disorder called Hyperthyroidism, and if too little thyroid hormone is produced, it can cause hypothyroidism. Thyroid gland disorders mainly occur due to iodine deficiency. But in areas where lack of iodine is non-prevalent, thyroid disorders usually occur due to autoimmune diseases. Below are the symptoms of thyroid in Female:
Thyroid Problems can range from harmless goiter (enlarged gland in the neck), which require no treatment. The thyroid can be very dangerous and can become a thyroid cancer. The common problem of the thyroid is producing an imbalanced amount of thyroid hormone. Excessive production leads to Hyperthyroidism, and Insufficient secretion of thyroid hormone leads to hypothyroidism. The thyroid problem is managed well with the help of a specialized doctor.
You can take a blood test to check your thyroid hormone levels from a pathology center that will determine if you have hypothyroidism. Your doctor will assess if your thyroid gland is bigger than it should be or if your pulse is too fast for hyperthyroidism. If Doctors think you may have it, they’ll want to do some additional blood tests to check your thyroid hormone levels. Your doctor might also recommend a thyroid scan using a small amount of radioactive tracer test to see how your thyroid works. Another option is a radioactive iodine test to see if it’s working as it should. For this test, you’ll eat a small dose of radioactive iodine. A biosensor will be used to find out how much iodine your thyroid takes in. The tracer will then leave your body when you urinate.
Below are a few major causes for thyroid problems:
Deficiency of Iodine in your body. You might not be taking enough amount of iodine intake from food sources.
Autoimmune disease can be a major cause of thyroid problems. In which your immune system attacks your own body causes hyperthyroidism (Caused by Graves Disease) or hypothyroidism (caused by Hashimoto disease).
Swelling or Inflammation of Thyroid- This is a painless problem in patients.
Non Cancerous Lumps and Nodules which are located inside the Thyroid gland.
The tumor on the thyroid gland or cancerous Tumor on the Thyroid gland.
Medicine, Medical treatments, Radiation therapy.
Genetic Disorder or Family history.
Cruciferous Vegetables Like Broccoli and Cauliflower.
Foods With Soy, Including Edamame, Tofu, and Miso.
Gluten, Found in Bread, Pasta, and Rice.
Fatty Foods Such as Dairy fat, butter, fatty meat.
Sugary Foods Like Chocolate Cake, candy, sugary drinks.
Processed Foods in Packages or can food.
Excess Fiber From Beans, Legumes, and Vegetables.
Coffee: Time Your First Cup Carefully in the Morning.
Alcohol Doesn’t Play Well With Your Thyroid.
AACE Thyroid Awareness provides an online step-by-step guide to performing your own thyroid neck check at home.
While looking close up to the mirror, focus on the lower front area of your neck, above the collarbones, and below the voice box (larynx). Your thyroid gland is located in this area of your neck.
While focusing on this area in the mirror, tip your head back.
Take a drink of water and swallow.
As you swallow, look at your neck. Check for any bulges or protrusions in this area when you swallow. Reminder: Don’t confuse Adam’s apple with the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located further down on your neck, closer to the collarbone. You may want to repeat this process several times.
If you do see any bulges or protrusions in this area, see your physician. You may have an enlarged thyroid gland or a thyroid nodule that should be checked to determine whether further evaluation is needed.
Hyperthyroidism is more common compared to hypothyroidism. Both the diseases are due to hormone problem where hypersecretion cause hyperthyroidism and hyposecretion cause hypothyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism can lead to problems like bulging eyes, blurred or double vision, heart problem, osteoporosis, and thyrotoxic crisis whereas hypothyroidism can cause thyroid swelling or goiter, high cholesterol, infertility.
Early signs of thyroid problems are mood changes, weight changes, gastric ulcer, skin problems, sensitivity to temperature changes, vision changes, hair thinning, memory problems and lumps or nodules.
Thyroid levels must be checked based on the condition you are diagnosed with- if you have hyperthyroidism you are recommended to get diagnosis once a year and for hypothyroidism once a month. If you are conceived you need to have a test every 4 to 6 weeks for 1st half of pregnancy and once for at least 30 weeks.
If you are underproduction of hormones you’ll need to take levothyroxine for the whole life, and hypothyroidism will drop to normal in 6 to 12 weeks with use of antithyroid medications.
The hypothyroidism can interfere with your pregnancy causing increased risk of miscarriage, development of embryo and without treatment can leqad to premature, underweight, and mentally retarded baby.